Table of Contents > Drug > Hydroxychloroquine Print

Hydroxychloroquine

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Plaquenil®
    • Brand Names: Canada: Apo-Hydroxyquine®;Gen-Hydroxychloroquine;Mylan-Hydroxychloroquine;Plaquenil®;PRO-Hydroxyquine
    • Mexican Brand Names: Plaquenil
    • Pharmacologic Category: Aminoquinoline (Antimalarial)

    Uses
    • It is used to stop or treat malaria.
    • It is used to treat lupus.
    • It is used to ease pain and swelling of arthritis.
    • Hydroxychloroquine works to harm the parasite and fight the infection.
    • It lowers the body's harmful response to diseases of the immune system.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
    • Take this drug with food.
    • Use as you have been told to stop malaria.
    • Start this drug before travel to the high risk place. Keep using after leaving.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Malaria:
    • If you miss a dose before leaving for your trip, call your doctor to find out what to do.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to hydroxychloroquine or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have had any changes in eyesight due to hydroxychloroquine.

    Precautions

    • If you have eye problems, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have liver disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have porphyria, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have psoriasis, talk with your doctor.
    • Have an eye exam every 6 months.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Talk with your doctor before getting any vaccines. Use with this drug may either raise the chance of a very bad infection or make the vaccine not work as well.
    • Be careful if you have G6PD deficiency. Anemia may happen.
    • Avoid beer, wine, or mixed drinks.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.
    • Malaria:
    • Other measures are needed along with this drug including using screens, bed netting, insect repellent (10% to 35% DEET), and permethrin spray on clothing and nets. Avoid spraying most insect repellents on children. Lower evening and night-time outdoor activity.
    • If you are a pregnant woman and traveling to a malaria infested place, talk to your doctor about the risks first.

    Side Effects

    • Anemia.
    • Belly pain.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Eye problems may rarely happen.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Fever that happens while in or after coming back from the malaria area.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Sudden change in eyesight, eye pain, or irritation.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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