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Diazepam

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • U.S. Brand Names: Diastat®;Diastat® AcuDialT;Diazepam IntensolT;Valium®
    • Canadian Brand Names: Apo-Diazepam®;Diastat®;Diastat® Rectal Delivery System;Diazemuls®;Novo-Dipam;Valium®
    • Mexican Brand Names: Ifa Fonal;Ortopsique;Sunzepam;Valium
    • Pharmacologic Category: Benzodiazepine

    Uses
    • It is used as a muscle relaxant.
    • It is used to stop or control seizures.
    • It is used to treat alcohol withdrawal.
    • It is used to treat anxiety.
    • It is used to treat panic attacks.
    • Diazepam works through the brain to ease pain.
    • It calms the brain.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Oral:
    • Take this drug with food.
    • There is a liquid if you cannot swallow pills.
    • Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given.
    • The liquid should be mixed with water, juice, soda, applesauce, or pudding before taking.
    • Rectal:
    • Follow how to use as told by doctor or read the package insert.
    • Do not use more than 5 times in a month or more than once every 5 days.
    • Diastat® AcuDialT: Check to make sure proper dose is locked in. Will see green ready band.
    • Injection:
    • It is given as a shot into a muscle or vein.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your normal time.
    • Do not take two doses or extra doses.
    • Many times this drug is taken on an as needed basis.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect tablets from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • The injection will be given to you in a doctor office setting. You will not store it at home.
    • Throw away any unused drug by flushing down toilet or sink.
    • In Canada return any unused drugs back to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th for more facts about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • This drug does not mix well with some drugs. Not safe reactions may happen. Check all drugs with doctor.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to diazepam or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs involved.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Glaucoma, myasthenia gravis, very bad liver disease, very bad lung disease, or sleep apnea.
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • This drug may be habit-forming with long-term use.
    • If you have been taking this drug on a regular basis for more than 10 days, talk with doctor before stopping. You may want to little by little stop this drug.
    • If you are 65 or older, use this drug with care. You could have more side effects.
    • If you have liver disease, talk with doctor.
    • Check drugs with doctor. This drug may not mix well with other drugs.
    • You may not be alert. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or activities until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Avoid alcohol (includes wine, beer, and liquor) or other drugs and natural products that slow your actions and reactions.
    • Avoid grapefruit and grapefruit juice.
    • If you have lung disease or kidney disease, you may be more sensitive to this drug.
    • Use birth control that you can trust to stop pregnancy while taking this drug.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling lightheaded, sleepy, having blurred eyesight, or a change in thinking clearly. Avoid driving, doing other tasks or actions that call for you to be alert or have clear eyesight until you see how this drug affects you.
    • Dry mouth. Frequent mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Feeling tired or weak.
    • Change in balance.

    Monitoring

    • Change in health problem being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?
    • Dry mouth may cause more cavities. Take good care of your teeth. See a dentist often.
    • Follow up with doctor.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you suspect an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; fits; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Big change in balance.
    • Big change in thinking clearly and with logic.
    • Feeling very tired or weak.
    • If seizures are worse or not the same after starting this drug.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for health help about side effects. You may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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