Table of Contents > Drug > Dextroamphetamine and Amphetamine Print

Dextroamphetamine and Amphetamine

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Adderall XR;Adderall [DSC]
    • Brand Names: Canada: Adderall XR
    • Pharmacologic Category: Stimulant

    Uses
    • It is used to treat attention deficit problems with hyperactivity.
    • It is used to treat narcolepsy.
    • Amphetamine/dextroamphetamine fires up the brain to make you more alert.
    • It has a calming effect with attention deficit problems.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Take early in the day to stop sleep problems.
    • Take Adderall XRT in the morning.
    • Swallow Adderall XRT whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
    • You may sprinkle contents of capsule on soft food or liquid. Do not chew.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • This drug may be habit-forming; avoid long-term use. Tell your doctor if you have a history of drug or alcohol abuse. This drug may cause unsafe heart-related side effects. Tell your doctor if you have any heart disease.
    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.
    • Please read the medication guide.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to dextroamphetamine, amphetamine, or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Both attention deficit/hyperactivity problems and Tourette's syndrome or tics, drug abuse, glaucoma, heart disease, high blood pressure, nervous state, overactive thyroid disease, or structure problems of the heart.
    • If you have taken isocarboxazid, phenelzine, or tranylcypromine in the last 14 days. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (eg, isocarboxazid, phenelzine, and tranylcypromine) must be stopped 14 days before this drug is started. Taking both at the same time could cause risky high blood pressure.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • This drug may be habit-forming with long-term use.
    • If you have been taking this drug for many weeks, talk with your doctor before stopping. You may want to slowly stop this drug.
    • You may have some heart tests before starting this drug. Talk with your doctor.
    • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), you will need to watch your blood sugar closely.
    • If you have mental illness, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have seizures, talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood pressure and heart rate checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • If you are taking this drug and have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor before using OTC products that may raise blood pressure. These include cough or cold drugs, diet pills, stimulants, ibuprofen or like products, and some natural products or aids.
    • Avoid beer, wine, or mixed drinks.
    • Limit your use of caffeine (for example, tea, coffee, cola) and chocolate. Use with this drug may cause nervousness, shakiness, and a fast heartbeat.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

    Side Effects

    • Belly pain.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Be careful climbing.
    • Nervous and excitable.
    • Headache.
    • Dry mouth. Good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help. See a dentist often.
    • Not hungry.
    • Not able to sleep.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Very bad problems with how you act.
    • Signs of low mood (depression), thoughts of killing yourself, nervousness, emotional ups and downs, thinking that is not normal, anxiety, or lack of interest in life.
    • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • Very nervous and excitable.
    • Very bad headache.
    • Sudden change in eyesight.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.


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