Table of Contents > Drug > Acetazolamide Print

Acetazolamide

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Diamox® Sequels®
    • Brand Names: Canada: Acetazolam;Diamox®
    • Mexican Brand Names: Acetadiazol
    • Pharmacologic Category: Anticonvulsant, Miscellaneous;Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor;Diuretic, Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor;Ophthalmic Agent, Antiglaucoma

    Uses
    • It is used to get rid of extra fluid.
    • It is used to stop altitude sickness.
    • It is used to stop or control seizures.
    • It is used to treat glaucoma.
    • Acetazolamide gets rid of extra salt and water in the body.
    • It calms the brain.
    • It shortens the time it takes to get used to the high altitude.
    • It lowers pressure in the eye.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Take with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • Long-acting products: Swallow whole. Do not chew, break, or crush.
    • There is a liquid (suspension) if you cannot swallow pills. Shake well before use.
    • Those who have feeding tubes may also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from light.
    • Protect capsules and tablets from water. Do not store in a bathroom or kitchen.
    • Follow how to store the liquid closely. Talk with the doctor.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Unsafe side effects may happen. This drug cannot be taken while you are taking some other drugs. Check all the drugs you are taking with your doctor.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to acetazolamide or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you have a sulfa (sulfonamide) allergy, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have any of these health problems: Acidic blood problem, kidney disease, liver disease, low potassium levels, low sodium levels, lung disease, or poor adrenal function.

    Precautions

    • If you have been taking this drug for many weeks, talk with your doctor before stopping. You may want to slowly stop this drug.
    • This drug has little effect on signs of altitude sickness once they happen.
    • Follow laws about driving with a seizure problem.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • If you are using this drug for glaucoma, have your eye pressure checked. Talk with your doctor.
    • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), you will need to watch your blood sugar closely.
    • You may get sunburned more easily. Avoid sun, sunlamps, and tanning beds. Use sunscreen and wear clothing and eyewear that protects you from the sun.
    • Be careful if you have G6PD deficiency. Anemia may happen.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Loose stools.
    • Bad taste in your mouth. This most often goes back to normal.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Very loose stools.
    • Sudden change in eyesight, eye pain, or irritation.
    • If seizures are worse or not the same after starting this drug.
    • Any rash.
    • Health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2010 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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